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IdentityServer4 Role Based Authorization for Web API with ASP.NET Core Identity

HomeCategory: stackoverflowIdentityServer4 Role Based Authorization for Web API with ASP.NET Core Identity
Avatarjulie asked 1 month ago

I am using IdentityServer4 with .Net Core 2.1 and Asp.Net Core Identity. I have two projects in my Solution.

  • IdentityServer
  • Web API

I want to Protect my Web APIs, I use postman for requesting new tokens, It works and tokens are generated successfully. When I use [Authorize] on my controllers without Roles it works perfectly but when I use [Authorize(Roles="Student")] (even with [Authorize(Policy="Student")]) it always return 403 forbidden

Github link for full code: https://github.com/Mohammad7070/ShagerdanehIdentityServer

Whats wrong with my code

Web API startup.cs

  public class Startup
    {
        public Startup(IConfiguration configuration)
        {
            Configuration = configuration;
        }

        public IConfiguration Configuration { get; }

        // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {



            services.AddMvcCore()
            .AddAuthorization(options => options.AddPolicy("Student", policy => policy.RequireClaim("Role", "Student")))
            .AddAuthorization(options => options.AddPolicy("Teacher", policy => policy.RequireClaim("Role", "Teacher")))
            .AddAuthorization(options => options.AddPolicy("Admin", policy => policy.RequireClaim("Role", "Admin")))
            .AddJsonFormatters();

            services.AddAuthentication("Bearer")
                .AddIdentityServerAuthentication(options =>
                {
                    options.Authority = "http://localhost:5000";
                    options.RequireHttpsMetadata = false;
                    options.ApiName = "api1";

                });





        }

        // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to configure the HTTP request pipeline.
        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)
        {
            if (env.IsDevelopment())
            {
                app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
            }
            app.UseAuthentication();
            app.UseMvc();
        }
    }

Test API :

  [Route("api/[controller]")]
    [ApiController]
    [Authorize(Roles="Student")]
    public class ValuesController : ControllerBase
    {
        // GET api/values
        [HttpGet]
        public ActionResult<IEnumerable<string>> Get()
        {
            return new string[] { "value1", "value2" };
        }

        // GET api/values/5
        [HttpGet("{id}")]
        public ActionResult<string> Get(int id)
        {
            return "value";
        }

        // POST api/values
        [HttpPost]
        public void Post([FromBody] string value)
        {
        }

        // PUT api/values/5
        [HttpPut("{id}")]
        public void Put(int id, [FromBody] string value)
        {
        }

        // DELETE api/values/5
        [HttpDelete("{id}")]
        public void Delete(int id)
        {
        }
    }

IdentityServer startup.cs

  public class Startup
    {

        public IConfiguration Configuration { get; }
        public IHostingEnvironment Environment { get; }

        public Startup(IConfiguration configuration, IHostingEnvironment environment)
        {
            Configuration = configuration;
            Environment = environment;
        }

        // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
        // For more information on how to configure your application, visit https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=398940
        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
            string connectionString = Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection");

            string migrationsAssembly = typeof(Startup).GetTypeInfo().Assembly.GetName().Name;


            services.AddDbContext<ApplicationDbContext>(options =>
                             options.UseSqlServer(connectionString));

            services.AddIdentity<ApplicationUser, ApplicationRole>()
                .AddEntityFrameworkStores<ApplicationDbContext>()
                .AddDefaultTokenProviders();

            services.AddMvc().SetCompatibilityVersion(CompatibilityVersion.Version_2_1);


            services.Configure<IISOptions>(iis =>
            {
                iis.AuthenticationDisplayName = "Windows";
                iis.AutomaticAuthentication = false;
            });

            IIdentityServerBuilder builder = services.AddIdentityServer(options =>
            {
                options.Events.RaiseErrorEvents = true;
                options.Events.RaiseInformationEvents = true;
                options.Events.RaiseFailureEvents = true;
                options.Events.RaiseSuccessEvents = true;
            })
                .AddAspNetIdentity<ApplicationUser>()

                // this adds the config data from DB (clients, resources)
                .AddConfigurationStore(options =>
                {
                    options.ConfigureDbContext = b =>
                        b.UseSqlServer(connectionString,
                            sql => sql.MigrationsAssembly(migrationsAssembly));
                })
                // this adds the operational data from DB (codes, tokens, consents)
                .AddOperationalStore(options =>
                {
                    options.ConfigureDbContext = b =>
                        b.UseSqlServer(connectionString,
                            sql => sql.MigrationsAssembly(migrationsAssembly));

                    // this enables automatic token cleanup. this is optional.
                    options.EnableTokenCleanup = true;
                    // options.TokenCleanupInterval = 15; // frequency in seconds to cleanup stale grants. 15 is useful during debugging
                })
                .AddProfileService<ProfileService>();

            if (Environment.IsDevelopment())
            {
                builder.AddDeveloperSigningCredential();
            }
            else
            {
                throw new Exception("need to configure key material");
            }

            services.AddAuthentication();

        }

        // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to configure the HTTP request pipeline.
        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)
        {


          //  InitializeDatabase(app);



            if (env.IsDevelopment())
            {
                app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
            }

            app.UseIdentityServer();

            //app.Run(async (context) =>
            //{
            //    await context.Response.WriteAsync("Hello World!");
            //});
        }



        }
    }

IdentityServer4 config.cs

   public class Config
    {
        // scopes define the resources in your system
        public static IEnumerable<IdentityResource> GetIdentityResources()
        {
            return new List<IdentityResource>
            {
                new IdentityResources.OpenId(),
                new IdentityResources.Profile(),
            };
        }

        public static IEnumerable<ApiResource> GetApiResources()
        {
            return new List<ApiResource>
            {
                new ApiResource("api1", "My API"),
                 new ApiResource("roles", "My Roles"),
                 new IdentityResource("roles", new[] { "role" })
            };
        }

        // clients want to access resources (aka scopes)
        public static IEnumerable<Client> GetClients()
        {
            // client credentials client
            return new List<Client>
            {
                // resource owner password grant client
                new Client
                {
                    ClientId = "ro.client",
                    AllowedGrantTypes = GrantTypes.ResourceOwnerPassword,

                    ClientSecrets =
                    {
                        new Secret("secret".Sha256())
                    },
                    AllowedScopes = { "api1","roles" }
                }
            };
        }

    }

Token Sample

eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImtpZCI6ImU0ZjczZDU5MjQ2YjVjMmFjOWVkNDI2ZGU4YzlhNGM2IiwidHlwIjoiSldUIn0.eyJuYmYiOjE1NDYyNTk0NTYsImV4cCI6MTU0NjI2MzA1NiwiaXNzIjoiaHR0cDovL2xvY2FsaG9zdDo1MDAwIiwiYXVkIjpbImh0dHA6Ly9sb2NhbGhvc3Q6NTAwMC9yZXNvdXJjZXMiLCJhcGkxIl0sImNsaWVudF9pZCI6InJvLmNsaWVudCIsInN1YiI6IjIiLCJhdXRoX3RpbWUiOjE1NDYyNTk0NTYsImlkcCI6ImxvY2FsIiwic2NvcGUiOlsicm9sZXMiLCJhcGkxIl0sImFtciI6WyJwd2QiXX0.D6OvbrGx2LwrYSySne59VJ_-_kZ-WriNUbDiETiHO4pknYJzBxKr307DxvBImlvP8w35Cxj3rKxwyWDqVxyhdFhFvFFuHmxqIAv_g2r37lYj3ExcGYAn23Q1i4PuXXBWQe2AHuwFsN2cfPcG39f-N-q7pfLFhoHacXe8vSWyvKxSD0Vj3qVz15cj5VMV1R8qhodXMO-5sZfY1wNfkcJmqmXnbpPnUK_KKUY1Pi6YJkU1nYRXGRoW7YLXc7Y2SFSfa9c1ubU3DDVJV0JqVxSBpfGnvydHEpk-gBx11yQgW5nsJdu6Bi2-DVGA5AdZ_-7pz0AVI-eZPwk2lNtlivmoeA

APS.NET_USERS Table

enter image description here

APS.NET_USERS_Claims Table

enter image description here

Postman
enter image description here

ApiRequest
enter image description here

Claims While Using [Authorize]

enter image description here

1 Answers
Best Answer
AvatarMannu answered 1 month ago
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