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Simple regression model in Tensorflow GPU slower than CPU

HomeCategory: stackoverflowSimple regression model in Tensorflow GPU slower than CPU
Avatarjohn asked 3 months ago

I have set up a simple linear regression problem in Tensorflow, and have created simple conda environments using Tensorflow CPU and GPU both in 1.13.1 (using CUDA 10.0 in the backend on an NVIDIA Quadro P600).

However, it looks like the GPU environment always takes longer time than the CPU environment. The code I’m running is below.

import time
import warnings
import numpy as np
import scipy

import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_probability as tfp

from tensorflow_probability import edward2 as ed
from tensorflow.python.ops import control_flow_ops
from tensorflow_probability import distributions as tfd



# Handy snippet to reset the global graph and global session.
def reset_g():
    with warnings.catch_warnings():
        warnings.simplefilter('ignore')
        tf.reset_default_graph()
        try:
            sess.close()
        except:
            pass


N = 35000
inttest = np.ones(N).reshape(N, 1)
stddev_raw = 0.09

true_int = 1.
true_b1 = 0.15
true_b2 = 0.7

np.random.seed(69)

X1 = (np.atleast_2d(np.linspace(
    0., 2., num=N)).T).astype(np.float64)
X2 = (np.atleast_2d(np.linspace(
    2., 1., num=N)).T).astype(np.float64)
Ytest = true_int + (true_b1*X1) + (true_b2*X2) + 
    np.random.normal(size=N, scale=stddev_raw).reshape(N, 1)

Ytest = Ytest.reshape(N, )
X1 = X1.reshape(N, )
X2 = X2.reshape(N, )

reset_g()

# Create data and param
model_X1 = tf.placeholder(dtype=tf.float64, shape=[N, ])
model_X2 = tf.placeholder(dtype=tf.float64, shape=[N, ])
model_Y = tf.placeholder(dtype=tf.float64, shape=[N, ])

alpha = tf.get_variable(shape=[1], name='alpha', dtype=tf.float64)
# these two params need shape of one if using trainable distro
beta1 = tf.get_variable(shape=[1], name='beta1', dtype=tf.float64)
beta2 = tf.get_variable(shape=[1], name='beta2', dtype=tf.float64)

# Yhat
tf_pred = (tf.multiply(model_X1, beta1) + tf.multiply(model_X2, beta2) + alpha)


# # Make difference of squares
# resid = tf.square(model_Y - tf_pred)
# loss = tf.reduce_sum(resid)

# # Make a Likelihood function based on simple stuff
stddev = tf.square(tf.get_variable(shape=[1],
                                    name='stddev', dtype=tf.float64))
covar = tfd.Normal(loc=model_Y, scale=stddev)
loss = -1.0*tf.reduce_sum(covar.log_prob(tf_pred))



# Trainer
lr=0.005
N_ITER = 20000

opt = tf.train.AdamOptimizer(lr, beta1=0.95, beta2=0.95)
train = opt.minimize(loss)


with tf.Session() as sess:
    sess.run(tf.global_variables_initializer())

    start = time.time()
    for step in range(N_ITER):
        out_l, out_b1, out_b2, out_a, laws = sess.run([train, beta1, beta2, alpha, loss],
                                                  feed_dict={model_X1: X1,
                                                             model_X2: X2,
                                                             model_Y: Ytest})

        if step % 500 == 0:
            print('Step: {s}, loss = {l}, alpha = {a:.3f}, beta1 = {b1:.3f}, beta2 = {b2:.3f}'.format(
                s=step, l=laws, a=out_a[0], b1=out_b1[0], b2=out_b2[0]))
    print(f"True: alpha = {true_int}, beta1 = {true_b1}, beta2 = {true_b2}")
    end = time.time()
    print(end-start)

Here are some outputs printed if they’re any indicative of what’s happening:

For the CPU run:

Colocations handled automatically by placer.
2019-04-18 09:00:56.329669: I tensorflow/core/platform/cpu_feature_guard.cc:141] Your CPU supports instructions that this TensorFlow binary was not compiled to use: AVX2 FMA
2019-04-18 09:00:56.351151: I tensorflow/core/platform/profile_utils/cpu_utils.cc:94] CPU Frequency: 2904000000 Hz
2019-04-18 09:00:56.351672: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/service.cc:150] XLA service 0x558fefe604c0 executing computations on platform Host. Devices:
2019-04-18 09:00:56.351698: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/service.cc:158]   StreamExecutor device (0): <undefined>, <undefined>

For the GPU run:

Instructions for updating:
Call initializer instance with the dtype argument instead of passing it to the constructor
W0418 09:03:21.674947 139956864096064 deprecation.py:506] From /home/sadatnfs/.conda/envs/tf_gpu/lib/python3.6/site-packages/tensorflow/python/training/slot_creator.py:187: calling Zeros.__init__ (from tensorflow.python.ops.init_ops) with dtype is deprecated and will be removed in a future version.
Instructions for updating:
Call initializer instance with the dtype argument instead of passing it to the constructor
2019-04-18 09:03:21.712913: I tensorflow/core/platform/cpu_feature_guard.cc:142] Your CPU supports instructions that this TensorFlow binary was not compiled to use: AVX2 FMA
2019-04-18 09:03:21.717598: I tensorflow/stream_executor/platform/default/dso_loader.cc:42] Successfully opened dynamic library libcuda.so.1
2019-04-18 09:03:21.951277: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:1009] successful NUMA node read from SysFS had negative value (-1), but there must be at least one NUMA node, so returning NUMA node zero
2019-04-18 09:03:21.952212: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/service.cc:168] XLA service 0x55e583bc4480 executing computations on platform CUDA. Devices:
2019-04-18 09:03:21.952225: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/service.cc:175]   StreamExecutor device (0): Quadro P600, Compute Capability 6.1
2019-04-18 09:03:21.971218: I tensorflow/core/platform/profile_utils/cpu_utils.cc:94] CPU Frequency: 2904000000 Hz
2019-04-18 09:03:21.971816: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/service.cc:168] XLA service 0x55e58577f290 executing computations on platform Host. Devices:
2019-04-18 09:03:21.971842: I tensorflow/compiler/xla/service/service.cc:175]   StreamExecutor device (0): <undefined>, <undefined>
2019-04-18 09:03:21.972102: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1551] Found device 0 with properties:
name: Quadro P600 major: 6 minor: 1 memoryClockRate(GHz): 1.5565
pciBusID: 0000:01:00.0
totalMemory: 1.95GiB freeMemory: 1.91GiB
2019-04-18 09:03:21.972147: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1674] Adding visible gpu devices: 0
2019-04-18 09:03:21.972248: I tensorflow/stream_executor/platform/default/dso_loader.cc:42] Successfully opened dynamic library libcudart.so.10.0
2019-04-18 09:03:21.973094: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1082] Device interconnect StreamExecutor with strength 1 edge matrix:
2019-04-18 09:03:21.973105: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1088]      0
2019-04-18 09:03:21.973110: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1101] 0:   N
2019-04-18 09:03:21.973279: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1222] Created TensorFlow device (/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:GPU:0 with 1735 MB memory) -> physical GPU (device: 0, name: Quadro P600, pci bus id: 0000:01:00.0, compute capability: 6.1)

Any help would be appreciated! I am about to post another question about implementing CUBLAS in R as well because that was giving me slow speed times compared to Intel MKL, but I’m hoping that maybe there’s a clear cut reason why even something as well built as TF (compared to hacky R and CUBLAS patching) is being slow with GPU.

Thanks!

1 Answers
Best Answer
AvatarMannu answered 3 months ago
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